The blood sugar of a person either exceeds or goes down at some instances even though he or she takes every possible step (proper diet plan and workout) to manage the blood sugar levels as per the advice was given by the doctor. Whether you experience too low or too high blood sugar, you become sick. Because of this, you have to know various ways to deal with the mentioned emergencies.
What are Normal, High and Low Blood Sugar Levels
Normal Blood Sugar
If your blood sugar level remains between 70 and 130 before having any meal and remains within 180 after any meal, doctors consider it a normal blood sugar.
Key Aspects on High Blood Sugar
When your blood sugar exceeds 240, it becomes excessively high. High blood sugar often takes place at a slow pace and it takes place when your body fails to produce or possess enough insulin in the body. High blood sugar takes place in case you skip your diabetic medicine, overeat and do not perform enough physical exercise. Besides this, your blood sugar level becomes high when you intake medicines intend to cause you high blood sugar.
Other than this, your blood sugar level exceeds if you suffer from any infection, stay under stress or fall sick. Because of this, it is important for you to go for a blood test on a regular basis and intake diabetes pills, insulin to manage your condition. On the other side, in case your blood sugar level becomes more than 300, you should consult your doctor immediately.
Key Aspects on Low Blood Sugar
In case your blood sugar becomes too low, you may suffer from hypoglycemia or low blood sugar reaction and it takes place on a fast pace. This takes place due to excessive insulin intake, skipping or delaying any meal, involving in an excessive workout or too much alcohol intake. Similar to the case of high blood sugar, medicines you intake for any other health issue may cause a drop in your blood sugar.
Medicines to Control Your Blood Sugar
In most of the cases, doctors recommend insulin in oral or injection form to bring back your blood sugar to normal levels. Several medicines are also available which help to reduce your blood sugar levels. However, in some cases, merely insulin intake is not enough. Because of this, you have to intake other medicines, which include-
- Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors medicines, which help various starchy food items as well as table sugar in your body and thereby, reduces your blood sugar levels.
- Biguanides reduce the production of sugar by your liver and the sugar amount to absorb by your intestine. In this way, your body becomes highly sensitive towards insulin and your muscles absorb the glucose.
- DPP-4 inhibitors help your body in continuing with the insulin production. These work by simply reducing the blood sugar level in your body but without causing low blood sugar.
- Glucagon peptides are responsible for increasing the growth of B-cell and the level of insulin used by your body.
Natural Ways to Control Blood Sugar
- Reduce Your Carb Intake and Increase Fiber Intake
The body of a person breaks down carbohydrate into glucose/sugar and later on, insulin moves it into cells. However, when you intake carbohydrate in higher amount or deal with insulin malfunction, the process fails leads to an increase in your glucose levels. On the other side, fiber reduces your carbohydrate digestion and thereby, promotes in controlling your blood sugar to its normal level. For this, you have to intake following food items in your daily diet.
- Pumpernickel Whole Wheat Bread
Unlike white bread, Pumpernickel Whole Wheat Bread or simply whole wheat bread comes with low GI score, as the ingredients present in these types of bread undergo relatively less processing as compared to others. Because of less processing, the bread retains its fibrous outer shell and stabilizes your blood sugar level.
Most of the fruits come with low GI score to make them preferable among diabetic patients.
- Oat Bran and Oatmeal
Oat bran and oatmeal not only possess GI within 55, but they also incorporate B-glucans to reduce the glucose level and enhance your sensitivity to insulin.
Drinking water in enough amounts helps you to maintain your blood sugar levels within its healthy limits. Moreover, hydration helps your kidneys in flushing out the excessive blood sugar via urine.
- Regular Exercise
Regular exercise helps you reduce your body weight and boosts your sensitivity towards insulin. Indeed, increase in insulin sensitivity results in optimum usage of blood sugar present in the bloodstream.